Iran QuickFacts

  • Iran previous name was Persia.
  • “Persia” changed since 1930. Iran means “land of Aryans”.
  • Population: 80.000.000(estimated)
  •  99 Percent of Iranian are muslim.
  • Official Language is Persian(other languages are spoken Turkic, Kurdish, Gilaki, and Arabic
  • Official Religion: Islam (shite)
  • Capital: Tehran(Population 8.000.000)
  • 10% of world’s oil reserve is in Iran.
  • Iran is the First largest natural gas reserve in the world.
  • Iran is the 2th largest producer of natural gas in the entire world.
  • Iran is the 4th largest oil producer in the entire world
  • 70% of population are under 30 years old
  • Iran is known for one of the oldest continuous civilizations dated back to 3000 BC.
  • Satellite TV is forbidden by the law; however 35% of people have direct access to satellite TV
  • Hijab is mandatory for girls and women above 9 years old even for tourists.(check dress code for more detail)
  • Alcohol is banned in Iran. However, illegally smuggled alcohol is a business that brings in $700 million each year.(about 25% of population mostly in cities using alcohol in occasions like weddings, birthday parties and so on)
  • In public it is forbidden to wear bath suits for women and men.
  • Polygamy is legal (just for men) limited to four wifes (based on Islam religion) (however only practices by wealthy men)
  • Short term marriage is legal from few hours to 99 years.(however only practices by wealthy men)
  • Persian Rug, Caspian Caviar, Saffron, Pistachio, Persian cat are the most important souvenir because of their high quality
  • The adult literacy rate is about 93%, a dramatic increase from just 37% in the 1970s
  • Nose job is popular in Iran that’s why Iran has a nickname “capital of nose job of the world”
  • Still about 30% of Iranian eats on the floor and they feel more comfortable rather than using table.
  • Sex change operations in Iran are legal and often may be funded by the state.
  • Based on economic situation there is an decreasing tendency toward marriage.(individualism is growing fast)
  • More than 91% of population using cellphones and about 54% using smartphones.
  • LTE and 3G used for smartphones. ADSL,ADSLII,VDSL used for internet services.
  • Internet is accessible in every city even in rural area. However it is under censorship(mostly adultery and opposition political websites and social medias like facebook,telegram)
  • Telegram is the most important social media in Iran and widely used by people.
  • Instagram is not under censorship.
  • 11% of Iranian smart phone holders using iPhone.
  • For 80 Million population there are about 500 Million bank account!
  • People use all social Medias through VPNs and Proxies!
  • Though many people think of deserts when they think of Iran, the country has mountains that even feature two ski resorts, Dizin and Shemshak.
  • Iran is the only habitat of the Asiatic cheetah, which is extremely endangered.
  • The world’s first windmills were invented in Iran.
  • It is believed that the first postal mail system was created in Iran, all the way back in 550 BC.
  • Some of the rarest and most expensive jewels in the world can be found in the Treasury of National Jewels in Tehran.
  • 24 UNESCO World Heritage sites are located in Iran(twenty-two Cultural sites, 2 Natural sites).
  • An earthquake that struck Iran in 2003 killed over 30,000 people.
  • An earthquake that struck (Iran-Iraq border) in 2017 killed over 600 people.
  • It is customary to bring flowers or pastries to your host when visiting someone in Iran.
  • Tourists can only bring 5000$ in cash with them.
  • Visa on arrival is available in most airports.(more detail on Visa on arrival)